The most effective care begins with an accurate diagnosis. Because digestive symptoms (such as nausea, stomach pain, and indigestion) may be associated with different diseases, it’s important to evaluate them carefully to determine their cause. NewYork-Presbyterian offers every type of diagnostic testing available to assess digestive problems, including advanced interventional endoscopy techniques that allow our doctors to see inside the digestive tract and perform treatment procedures at the same time. No matter what test you need, we can provide it.
In short, migration is highly unlikely to have a major effect on falling working-age shares in Western European countries over the next decades, the authors write. The size of the economic repercussions of declining working-age shares on economic development, however, will critically depend on individual behavior. Previous research has shown that for every extra child that a woman has, her labor participation falls on average years over her lifetime. So as fertility falls, women tend to spend more time working, which allows them to accumulate more savings, more experience, and possibly a better-paying job. This accumulation of physical and human capital may offset some of the overall long-term income decline that low fertility suggests.